. Manuscript should be saved in Word format
(.doc file type) and must be submitted electronically on email id
space all portions of the manuscript—including the title page, abstract, text,
acknowledgments, references, individual tables, and legends. Leave at least 1
inch margin on top, bottom and both sides. Number all the pages of the
manuscript consecutively, beginning with the title page. Use at least 12 point
font size (Times New Roman or Arial). Use American (US) English throughout.
Word limit: Abstract section-250 words. Manuscript body: 3000 words.
Abstract and key
- The title of the article: Title
should be concise but informative. Authors should include all information (key
words) in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both
sensitive and specific.
- Short running title (up to 40 characters).
- Authors’ names (both initial and surnames) and institutional affiliations. For
a review article number of authors must be restricted to three.
- Name of the
department(s) and institution(s) to which the work should be attributed.
- Disclaimers, if any.
- Contact information for corresponding authors. The
name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address of the
author responsible for correspondence about the manuscript.
- Source(s) of
support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.
counts. A word count for the text only (excluding abstract, acknowledgments,
figure legends, and references)
- The number of figures and tables.
- Declaration of competing interest.
should be structured in following sections: Context (describing the clinical
question or issue and its importance in clinical practice or public heath),
Evidence acquisition (describing the data sources used, including the search
strategies, years searched, and other sources), Results (major findings of the
review with the greatest emphasis laid on the findings based on highest quality
evidence), and Conclusions (emphasize how clinicians should apply current
must state the purpose of the review. This is particularly important because
most readers want to know what questions will be considered before they take
the time to read a long review. The authors should state their methods for
searching the literature. Did they do a systematic search, or did they simply
use the reports in their personal reprint files? How certain can the readers be
that the authors reviewed all the relevant literature? The authors should
explain their rationale for including certain articles and excluding others.
section should contain synthesis, interpretation and critical appraisal of the
literature reviewed. Depending on topic being covered subheadings may be used
in this section. Authors’ unpublished work must not be part of the review of
logically follow from the cited evidence. Finally, authors should provide
recommendations for clinical practice and propose new directions for research as
a result of their review.
contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship, such as a person who
provided purely technical help, writing assistance, or a department head who
provided only general support. Financial and material support should also be
responsible for the accuracy of references. Citations should be numbered in the
order in which they appear in the text. Secondary sources should not be cited.
Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in
superscripted text. References cited only in tables or in legends to figures
should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first
identification in the text of the particular table or figure. The titles of
journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Do
not use abstracts, unpublished observations and personal communications as
references. References to papers accepted but not yet published should be
designated as “in press”; authors should obtain written permission to cite such
papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication.
The Uniform Requirements style (the Vancouver style) is based largely on an
American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard style adapted by the NLM
for its databases. List all authors when six or less. When seven or more, list
only first six and add et al. For detailed guidelines refer to Citing
print each table with double spacing on a separate sheet of paper. Number
tables consecutively (in Roman Numerals) in the order of their first citation
in the text and supply a brief title for each. Do not use internal horizontal
or vertical lines. Give each column a short or an abbreviated heading. Authors
should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain all
nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes, and use the following symbols, in
sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡. Identify statistical measures of
variations, such as standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Be sure
that each table is cited in the text. If you use data from another published or
unpublished source, obtain permission and acknowledge that source fully.
should be either professionally drawn and photographed, or submitted as
photographic-quality digital prints. Electronic files of figures in a format
(for example, JPEG or GIF) that will produce high-quality images should also be
submitted; authors should review the images of such files on a computer screen
before submitting them to be sure they meet their own quality standards. For
x-ray films, scans, and other diagnostic images, as well as pictures of
pathology specimens or photomicrographs, send sharp, glossy, black-and-white or
color photographic prints, usually 127 x 173 mm (5 x 7 inches). Letters,
numbers, and symbols on figures should therefore be clear and consistent
throughout, and large enough to remain legible when the figure is reduced for
publication. Figures should be made as self-explanatory as possible. Titles and
detailed explanations belong in the legends-not on the illustrations
themselves. Photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. Symbols,
arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the
background. Photographs of potentially identifiable people must be accompanied
by written permission to use the photograph. Figures should be numbered
consecutively (in Arabic Numerals) according to the order in which they have
been cited in the text. If a figure has been published previously, acknowledge
the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to
reproduce the figure. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or
publisher except for documents in the public domain.
Type for illustrations using double spacing,
starting on a separate page, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the
illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify
parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the
legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining in
of length, height, weight, and volume should be reported in metric units, i.e.,
meter (m), gram (g), or liter (L) or their decimal multiples. Milliliter or
deciliter should be expressed as mL or dL and not ml/dl. Red and white blood
cell counts are to be expressed as ×106/mL and ×103/mL respectively. Temperatures
should be given in degrees Celsius. Blood pressures should be given in
millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). All hematological and clinical chemistry
measurements should be reported in the conventional system or in terms of the
International System of Units (SI).
Abbreviations and Symbols:
standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations in the title and abstract. The full
term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text
unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Year, month, day, hour, minute and
second should be abbreviated as yr, mo, d, h, min, and s respectively.